Any human activity also causes a significant amount of waste, if not treated, will have a serious impact on the environment.
Life is getting better and better, so the amount of waste will increase and gradually become more scary. Distinguishing which products are hazardous wastes will create favorable conditions for the process of classification, collection, recycling and reuse in order to limit discharge to the environment.
👉 TYPES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE POPULAR IN DAILY ACTIVITIES
1. BATTERY: all types of batteries contain chemicals inside such as mercury, zinc, lead, etc. According to research, mercury from batteries can contaminate 500 liters of water or 1m3 of land in 50 years. Mercury can harm the brain, kidneys, etc. Lead metal in batteries causes calcium deficiency, bone decay, growth retardation (in children), etc. People infected with zinc will have vomiting or intestinal bleeding. In particular, when burning batteries also causes toxic fumes, people who breathe in will suffer from respiratory diseases.
2. CHEMICAL CLEANING: contains a very large amount of acid, which when absorbed into the ground will destroy the life of animals.
3. INDUSTRIAL PAINT (house paint, wood paint, …): contains a huge amount of colorants and chemicals such as film-forming agents, solvents and additives. In it, solvents and additives will emit VOCs (volatile compounds). Inhaling high concentrations of VOCs can cause respiratory illness, which is especially dangerous for people with a history of asthma or sinusitis.
4. USED MACHINERY: usually contains a large amount of machinery oil. These wastes are insoluble in water, will stick. If spilled on land or water will poison the organisms in that area. When people consume living organisms in the environment with oily waste, they will experience digestive diseases, cancer, neurological diseases, etc.
5. NILONG, PLASTIC (plastic bags, straws, water bottles…): all contain plasticizers, colorants, lead, cadmium, etc. They do not decompose in the soil when buried, causing loss of soil fertility. When burned, it produces toxic fumes that are harmful to living things, including humans. BPA in plastic products has been studied as a highly carcinogenic agent, causing brain retardation, endocrine disorders, and infertility.
6. TYPES OF LAMPS: many bulbs contain sulfur and their fragments are not only harmful to human health but also to growing organisms.
7. HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS (herbicides, insects, …): destructive chemicals will be extremely harmful if released into the environment without being treated cleanly, poisoning all organisms in contact with. Besides, if they spill into the river, the sea will make the poison come out. If buried in the ground, it will poison the soil, causing the soil to no longer have nutrients.
8. ELECTRONICS OF ALL kinds (TVs, refrigerators, …): they are composed of heavy metals, chemical compounds that easily penetrate into water and soil. In Vietnam, collectors sell ticks or manually disassemble parts of this garbage to resell, causing toxic substances to stick to the soil and seep into the groundwater. Hands and feet that touch the garbage directly also cause respiratory diseases, more seriously cancer and cognitive decline. In addition, lead and baric acid contained in the cathode ray tube inside TV screens, cameras, etc., easily seep into the soil and water at the dismantling site, contaminating the soil and water.
❎ Waste from daily life is unavoidable. Therefore, to be able to minimize the harm from them, each person should raise personal awareness about the issue of waste segregation, littering and garbage disposal.
Try to minimize the amount of waste each day.
– Make the most of what you can use, don’t throw it away, if you don’t want to use it, give it to those who don’t have it.
– Recycle waste whenever possible.
– Sort garbage carefully to have its own treatment, …. Never bury or burn these types of waste.
❤️❤️ Be a responsible person to the community, to the living environment and to our next generation!